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Ional abuse behavior, against the women attending hospitals in Erbil. Physical violence is also a significant problem particularly in terms of its consequences.Background Violence against women is a worldwide problem and a serious human rights abuse that occurs among all social, cultural, economic, and religious groups. A wide range of negative health outcomes and even death had been recognized as
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Ses, it was made sure that each woman was interviewed only once. A pilot study was conducted on 35 women aiming at determining the clarity and the content adequacy of the questionnaire. It also helped in estimating the time required for the data collection and identifying the limitations that might be encountered during data collection. However, this group of women was excluded from the study samp
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Ssed with six items: insult, humiliation, threateningAl-Atrushi et al. BMC Women's Health 2013, 13:37 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6874/13/Page 3 ofto divorce the respondent, threatening to marry another woman, threatening to hurt the respondent and doing things to scare the respondent on purpose. The items in the WHO multi-country study questionnaire for assessing controlling behavior were n
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T least one of these symptoms was said to be bothersome,Hemminki et al. BMC Women's Health 2012, 12:44 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6874/12/Page 3 ofthe woman was categorized as having bothersome symptoms of that group.Table 2 Proportions ( ) of women with vasomotor symptoms and bothersome symptoms1 in past two weeks, at each survey (cross-sectional analysis)Recruitment Women
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Ses, it was made sure that each woman was interviewed only once. A pilot study was conducted on 35 women aiming at determining the clarity and the content adequacy of the questionnaire. It also helped in estimating the time required for the data collection and identifying the limitations that might be encountered during data collection. However, this group of women was excluded from the study samp
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En 19?4.Our sample size was too small to analyze this in relation to background characteristics to explain the variation. The results of the longitudinal analysis (comparing the same women over time) and those of the cross-sectional analysis showed relatively similar results. Thus, we can interpret the cross-sectional data as generally summing up the experience of all women throughout the followup
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En who became widow within the last year and women whom husbands were accompanying them were excluded from the study. Widowed, separated and divorced women were excluded from the estimation of the prevalence of past year violence. The nature of the study was briefly described for each participant. All women were informed that participation in the study was voluntary and the data collected would no
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En who became widow within the last year and women whom husbands were accompanying them were excluded from the study. Widowed, separated and divorced women were excluded from the estimation of the prevalence of past year violence. The nature of the study was briefly described for each participant. All women were informed that participation in the study was voluntary and the data collected would no