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Nostic marker using multivariate analysis, with patients in the low CNKSR1 expression group having a median OS that is nearly half that of patients with high CNKSR1 expression. In addition, we attempted to determine whether CNKSR1 status might affect the survival difference associated with resection in pancreatic cancer patients. If validated in a larger patient sample, such information might be u
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S N1) 65+ Years at Diagnosis Male Moderately Differentiated Poorly Differentiated Non-Palliative Radiation White AsianaHazard Ratio 1.611 Hazard Ratio 2.146 3.783 2.834 1.893 1.550 1.233 1.014 0.a95 Confidence Limits 1.057?.457 95 Confidence Limits 1.341?.434 2.089?.852 1.584?.069 1.206?.972 1.018?.359 0.821?.851 0.580?.772 0.508?.356 0.370?.231 0.288?.298 0.268?.p value 0.0.0014
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Ge, stage, grade, race, resection and radiation. Sensitivity analyses were performed after excluding casesQuadri et al. BMC Cancer (2017) 17:Page 4 ofFig. 1 Representative photomicrographs of pancreatic cancer tissue microarray (TMA) cores illustrating intensities of CNKSR1 immunohistochemical staining scored as low: a, b no staining for CNKSR1 (score 0); c, d weak CNKSR1 (score 1+) staining; only
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Ells stained [24, 25]. CNKSR1 expression was evaluated based on intensity semiquantitatively on a four-tier scale (0 = negative, 1 = weak/background, 2 = moderate/positive, 3 = strongly positive). CNKSRshows minimal expression in lymphoid tissues according to RNA-Seq data and immunohistochemical staining from the Human Protein Atlas (Human Protein Atlas available from www.proteinatlas.org) [26]. S
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R of proteins either indirectly or directly connected to MAPK/ERK signaling (Ras, ERBB2, Myc) [4, 31]. A limitation of this study was that the dataset did not include all clinical variables, such as complete TNM staging and chemotherapy treatment, and thus we could not evaluate all variables that might impact survival. While the HRs of known clinical (TNM system N and M stage) and pathological var
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Filtering algorithm. This algorithm was designed to minimize the effect of potential contamination of the edge samples with normal mouse brain cells. Relative expression values for each gene from tumor core, tumor edge, and normal mouse brain samples were compared. Genes of interest were identified that met three criteria: a) low expression at tumor core; b) relatively increased expression at tumo
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Few of our U87 galectin1 clones. Parental U87MG cells, along with galectin-1 and acGFP-only clones were injected into the right caudate/putamen complex of nude mice. Tumors overexpressing galectin-1 shortened survival of their hosts compared to their parental counterparts (Figure 5). A few animals (7/20) bearing tumors expressing acGFP alone eventually exhibited neurological symptoms. The examinat
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O the culture media markedly and specifically increased cell migration levels in human neoplastic astrocytes, and that these effects were related to striking modifications in the organization of the actin cytoskeleton and an increase in small GTPase RhoA expression [33]. Conversely, knocking down galectin-1 expression in U87MG GBM cells by stable transfection with antisense galectin-1 mRNA, the co

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